Tips for Choosing the Right Carpet Type for You.
Choosing the type of carpet best suited for your home isn’t always easy, however this post aims to give you all you need to know about picking the best carpet for you.
With advanced in manufacturing technology, 95% of all carpet produced today is tufted. To make a tufted carpet, hundreds of yarn-threaded needles are pushed through the primary backing fabric to form loops of tufts which may be left as or cut depending on the carpet type. A heavy adhesive coating is applied to hold the tufts in place and a secondary backing is usually glued on for added strength and stability. A wide variety of styles and textures can then be created using various techniques.
L O O P P I L E:
Berber: Berber carpets look like and are named after a handmade, bulky wool carpet made by the Berber tribes of North Africa and Asia. The loops are made from thick of bulky yawns of wool, nylon polypropylene or a blend of these fibres to give a cushioned effect underfoot. These carpets are available in an assortment of colours and may be flecked and can either level loop or multilevel loop.
Level Loop: When all the loops are of the same height, a highly flexible and durable carpet is created which has a naturally casual appearance even when it is commonly made form synthetic fibres. The tight loop texture tends to hide marks so it’s a good blend between luxury and practicality.
Multi-Level Loop: The loops vary to two or sometimes three loop heights to create informal, random textures which are very forgiving for marks and stains, and therefore very suitable for high traffic areas and busy family rooms.
C U T P I L E:
Freize: These carpets are very similar to Saxony by the yarns are more tightly twisted and should always be heat set. They have a dense, low pile surface which creates a coarse, pebbly texture. Frieze carpets are very durable and hide footprints, dust and dirt, which makes them suitable for heavy traffic areas.
Saxony: Saxony textures are made of twisted yarns which should be heat set. The tips remain very distinct, rather than blending together to form a very elegant finish. Because of this, Saxony textures show footprints and vacuum marks so are suitable for more occasional rooms in the home. more textured variations improve the practicality of Saxony carpets.
Twist: The popular twist carpet is the cut-pile standard. The yawn is tightly twisted and often heat set to retain this feature and the result is a versatile, textures finish that is ideal for plain colours.
C U T A N D L O O P:
When some of the pile is cut and other left as a loop, a variety of surface textures and patterns can be created in a variety of colours. The multi-level surface is excellent for hiding footprints and stains so cut and loop is good for high traffic areas and general purpose rooms in the house.
Shag Pile: Shag pile has varied in popularity. The pile is up to 50mm long and the texture is casual and loose but the surface can be flattered easily and may lack durability.
B O N D E D:
Bonded carpets are created by firing fibres into an adhesive material, not stitching the fibres in to the backing in any way. This technique is principally used for commercial carpet tiles.
Woven carpet may be a tiny minority of today’s production, but still produces some of the finest carpets which are used for prestigious installations.
Axminister: The pile of the carpet is inserted into the backing as it is woven and cut to length, creating U-shaped tufts to give a velvety surface. The process locks in the fibre to create a carpet of high durability and performance retention as well as a luxury feel. The process allows for intricate designs and colours to be used, although modern trends mean that traditional patterned axminster has given way to current fashion trends for plain carpet.
Wilton: Wilton woven carpets are produced in a similar way to axminsters, the principle difference being that a continuous fibre is woven all the way through. The carpet can be sheared to create a range of cut and loop textured effects. The result is a high quality carpet of unrivalled durability.
Flat Weave: Manufactured in the same way as wilton, flat weave is a loop pile which allows the yawn to be woven across a wider area to created a flatter, more textured effect.